Release and dispersion of hazardous materials (CBRN)

Release and dispersion of hazardous materials (CBRN)

The deliberate and specifically targeted release of military agents (CBRN Defence) is a typical topic which has been supplemented for quite some time by the aspect of indirect weapon effect release, e. g. via toxic chemicals from industrial plants. Characteristic for military or improvised NBC weapon effects and toxic industrial chemicals is the threat developing both temporally and spatially which significantly differs from direct weapon effects. To analyse and evaluate these effects, instruments to measure airborne atmospheric large-scale (major quantities, battlefield) or small-scale (small quantities, urban scenarios) dispersion data are required depending on the scenario. Indoor dispersal is a specific aspect. For complete analysis of threats posed by NBC hazards or the possible collateral damage by weapon effect on industrial plants, it is thus important to consider the following aspects:

  • Collection, characterisation and categorisation of risks (threat analysis)
  • Scenario creation
  • Dispersion calculations
  • Analyses of effects
  • Evaluation based on individual NBC defence capabilities
  • Derivation of measures

We have performed numerous studies for the German Federal Armed Forces (army, navy, armed basis, CBR defence services, Military Science Institute for Defence Technologies - NBC Protection, Munster) on this topic for over 10 years. A current study focuses on the threat of mission contingents, operational real estate and domestic properties by CBRN-IED. IABG has also performed similar studies for civil clients in national and international consortia, e.g. biohazard scenarios for the European Union, CBR risk analyses for an international airport.

Our expertise:

  • Risk and threat analyses, military and improvised NBC weapons
  • Analysis and evaluation of NBC weapon effects
  • Evaluation of technical, organisational and personnel measures of the CBR defence service
  • Weapon-related (indirect) release of NBC weapons
  • Evaluation of collateral damage
  • Dispersion calculations