The environmental impact assessment (EIA) is the central base for realising the element of environmental protection for a project or product. EIA covers the whole life cycle of a project or product. In the EIA we indicate which avoidable or unavoidable environmental impacts are to be expected and what are the options for reducing or avoiding the impacts. We point out an additional need for analysis if further undefined environmental impacts are suspected.
For the EIA, the product is always broken down into modules and submodules, and these in turn are broken down again into parts. Generally, the data acquisition is done at a part number level. If this is unavailable or impractical, the smallest unit possible is taken, the so-called line replaceable unit (LRU).
For the individual environment-related project phases or environmentally hazardous components of a project, we determine the media (soil, water, air, radiation, noise) for which potentially exist environment-related risks. These parts are labelled and documented. To conclude, we consider whether measures for protecting the environment have been taken or should be defined. With regard to the environment and media, the focus of the assessment is on
- Operating supply items and auxiliary material, consumables
- Emissions / immissions
and based on this, a list of hazardous materials is drawn up and a disposal concept developed for the product.