Impact testing

Fields of application

  • Trains are exposed to high mechanical stresses such as hail, stone impact or vandalism.
  • These influences can lead to massive damage to materials and components of the train.
  • Impact tests with standardised projectiles reveal structural weak points of components such as e.g. windscreens, train fronts, side doors.
  • Impact tests offer the possibility to detect structural problems of components in advance and provide valuable insights for product optimisation.


  • Impact tests according to international standards, e. g. IC 651, DIN EN 15152 and DIN EN 5566, NF F 15-818, GM / RT 2100 Appendix B or customer-specific
  • Investigation of failure mode by different types of test projectiles (metal projectiles, stone, gelatine, ice, etc.)
  • Evaluation of deformation and strain
  • Data acquisition with e. g. strain gauges, accelerometers, load cells
  • Non-destructive testing methods, e. g. ultrasonic and eddy current, CT

Technical data • Capacity

  • Realisable speeds of over 350 m/s
  • Mass over 10 kg (depending on speed)
  • Calibre up to 350 mm
  • Almost any projectile geometry (symmetrical / asymmetrical)
  • Specific adjustment of the flight attitude of the projectile
  • High-speed acquisition of relevant parameters including digital image correlation
  • Data acquisition with a sampling rate up to 1 MHz
  • 172 hectare fenced area with excellent protection and security measures – both in the conduct of experiments and in secrecy